The number of active cases of coronavirus surpassed 1 million in Italy on Sunday, the result of a swift increase in cases over the last two weeks.

As recently as June 17, Italy had fewer than 575,000 active cases of COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus. On Sunday, that number totalled 1.01 million, an increase of more than 75 per cent in a span of 16 days.

The Ministry of Health has said the increases in the infection rate are mostly due to the Omicron-5 sub-variant of the virus.

Italy became the fourth country in the world to have more than 1 million active cases, following the United States, with 3.5 million, Germany, with 1.5 million, and France, with 1.4 million, according to data from the World Health Organization.

Eight of Italy’s 21 regions and autonomous provinces are considered to be at high risk for the coronavirus, with the remainder considered at moderate risk.

The coronavirus transmission rate has been rising at a similar rate: the government reported on Friday that the rate rose for the fourth consecutive week, reaching 1.30 over the most recent period up from 1.07 a week earlier. A rate above 1.0 means a disease is in a phase of expansion.

The other main coronavirus indicators have also been on the rise in recent weeks, though not to the same extent as the infection rate and the transmission rate.

Daily mortality figures remain below 100, totalling 57 on Sunday. The number of patients in intensive-care units, meanwhile, has inched higher, reaching 291 Sunday, an increase of 16 from the day before. But those figures are less than a tenth of all-time highs set two years ago.

The latest increases come despite Italy having a largely successful vaccine rollout. Government data shows that as of Sunday, 90.1 per cent of residents over the age of 12 had been fully vaccinated. A total of 96.6 per cent of those residents are either fully vaccinated or have recovered from COVID-19 in the last six months, a status seen as providing increased protection against the virus.