Few countries offer a more original mix of family activities than Argentina

LONDON – Imagine: your children protesting as you wake them in the pre-dawn chill and then, just one hour later, their eyes wide open in wonder as your camels crest the last dune to greet the Sahara sunrise. Or their gasps at the hydraulic exhalation of a pod of orcas, whose dorsal fins break the surface right beside your kayaks. Or their shrieks of glee as, donning safely harness and helmet, they step off the zip-line platform into the void and are whisked away over the lush green carpet of Costa Rica’s rainforest canopy.

The world’s most exciting natural environments make for perfect adventure playgrounds. And, be it a coral reef in Borneo, a bubbling mudpool in Iceland or a glacier in Patagonia, experiencing these playgrounds en famille not only thrills younger travellers but also offers a fresh perspective to their more travel-hardened parents.

And however wild the wilderness, a refreshing pool or beach is seldom far away. An adventure, embarked upon together, offers escape from the pressures and challenges of daily life; a moment to focus on the family. And the season for extraordinary travel – for family trips that will form lasting memories – is about to begin.

Adventures such as these are not for very young children. They also take a bit of planning, both for you and for the operators, which is why you should be booking them now, ahead of the January rush. The following are just a few ideas for how your family can build memories together in the coming year.

1. Animal education

A safari in South Africa usually means Kruger Park. But the smaller reserves of KwaZulu-Natal province offer a perfect wildlife playground for the nature-loving family – a chance to get hands-on as well as ticking off the big game.

The smaller reserves in KwaZulu-Natal province allow families to get up-close to some of South Africa’s most magical animals

Rainbow offers an 11-day tour priced from £2,570 per person, which is divided between a lodge in the Big Five country of Hluhluwe and a camp among the lakes, reefs and beaches of the Indian Ocean coast. Family-orientated activities include a course in animal tracking and bush skills, hands-on visits to cheetah and elephant conservation centres, kayaking, snorkelling and mountain biking. There are also visits to a Zulu village and crocodile farm.

2. Camping in the Wild West

The towering canyonlands of America’s south-west provide the stirring backdrop to this family adventure, which includes four nights camping under the stars.

Grand American Adventures allows you to travel in a small group with a private guide, from £1479 per person for an 11-day trip. The tour takes in five national parks and such epic landscapes as Monument Valley, Bryce Canyon, the Valley of Fire and the Grand Canyon. The emphasis is on lacing up your hiking boots and hitting the trail, but the itinerary also includes water sports, optional horse rides and a dose of Navajo hospitality – including one night in a mud hut.

A free day in Las Vegas, where the tour starts and ends, offers a glitzier kind of family fun, from gondolas to Madame Tussauds.

Bryce Canyon, in southern Utah, is an incredible place to view the sunrise CREDIT: KOJIHIRANO – FOTOLIA

3. From temple to beach

Sri Lanka’s blend of nature and culture, with elephant orphanages next door to World Heritage temples, should satisfy any adventurous family, however diverse its members’ interests. 

Western and Oriental offers an 11-day family tour – with a personal guide throughout – allows ample time to pack in most of the island’s key attractions, from the imposing rock fortress of Sigiriya to the misty tea plantations of Nuwara Eliya and arguably the world’s most obliging leopards at Yala National Park. Costs are from £1,952 per adult, including international flights, and accommodation is in comfortable lodges and resorts – and the tour ends with four days on the beach. Do check the latest FCO advice following clashes in early Spring 2018.

4. Natural fireworks

The “land of fire and ice” is at its most impressive in winter, when its thermal hot springs, boiling mud pools and geysers perform in startling juxtaposition to the frozen landscape that surrounds them.

Sri Lanka offers an entrancing combination of culture, wildlife and adventure – plus beautiful beaches

A seven-day family trip to Iceland via the Family Adventure Company costs from £2,240 per person and takes in all those geothermal attractions, and includes bracing hikes to waterfalls and over glaciers.

Optional outdoor adventures include saddling up on Icelandic horses or taking to sea in search of killer whales; downtime in Reykjavik offers a chance to explore the quirky cafés and excellent museums. Keep an eye out for the Northern Lights.

Visit Iceland in winter and you may get to see the Northern Lights

Visit Iceland in winter and you may get to see the Northern Lights

5. Cycling through history

Bicycles are integral to life in the lush green countryside of northern Vietnam. This 12-day activity holiday from Families Worldwide (from £1,139 per adult and £1,099 per child) takes in national parks, villages, temples and caves, all by bicycle, on its route south from Hanoi to the World Heritage city of Hoi An.

Bikes do have their limitations, of course, so you will dismount to enjoy other adventures, including one night on a houseboat among the limestone islands of Halong Bay and another in a traditional tribal longhouse.

The trip also includes water puppet shows, raft trips, a train journey and a cookery class – with ingredients fresh from a shopping trip to the local market.

6. Culture, sport and nature

Few countries offer a more original mix of family activities than Argentina. Culture-wise, there’s colourful and cosmopolitan Buenos Aires, where you can stroll the historic Plaza Mayo, tour Bombanero Stadium – home to football club Boca Juniors – or saddle up on an out-of-town estancia for a polo lesson in the noble sport of polo.

Halong Bay has thousands of towering limestone islands topped by rainforests

For a dose of nature, you could hike a jungle trail to the breathtaking Iguazu Falls, kayak around the sheltered shoreline of Patagonia, don your crampons for the ice panorama of Los Glaciares National Park or cruise the wild wetlands of Ibera, home to caiman and capybara. All of this comes in a trip, best taken at Easter, from Abercrombie and Kent (from £5,990 per person).

7. Mountain trek

There’s more to Morocco than lounging by a pool or haggling in a souk: the snow-capped peaks of the High Atlas form the heart of this small-group guided family adventure.

Hike around Iguazu Falls in Argentina 

The itinerary starts and ends in Marrakesh, with time to explore the celebrated medina and soak in the sensory bombardment of the Red City on a walking tour. It then winds up into the Atlas, with hikes through the steep valleys and orange groves and visits to traditional Berber villages.

Finally, it moves west to the Atlantic coast, with its colourful fishing communities and the resort town of Essaouira, where water sports aplenty offer a chance to wash off all that Sahara dust. Accommodation throughout is in comfortable hotels with swimming pools.

Get off the beaten track in the Atlas mountains 

8. Hiking through history

It takes a particular kind of family to hike the Inca Trail, involving as it does four full days of hiking – reaching altitudes of 4,200m – and camping on mountainsides. But for active, adventurous types with older children, Peru will thrill.

This tour from Exodus comprises not only the Inca Trail, with the celebrated wonders of Machu Picchu and Cuzco at either end, but also a stint down in Tambopata Reserve in the Peruvian Amazon, where boat trips, jungle hikes and canopy towers give you a shot at spotting some of the elusive rainforest wildlife, including howler monkeys, macaws, caiman and – if you’re lucky – giant river otters.

Activities along the way include paddle-boarding, mountain biking and zip-lining in the sacred valley.

9. Tigers and the Taj

Northern India can be a daunting prospect for the first-time visitor, but in a relatively small circuit you can get to grips with some of the country’s most impressive attractions – from gawping at the Taj Mahal or Jaipur’s Amber Fort to tracking down the wild tigers of Ranthambore to watching the sun rise from a boat on the Ganges.

Take a safari on the Peruvian Amazon 

This family tour covers all those highlights while taking in a host of quintessential Indian experiences en route, including a school cricket match, a Bollywood movie and a course in cooking the perfect curry.

Transport is by express train and private vehicle, but also includes rides on camel, elephant and rickshaw. This is suitable for children of all ages, with swimming pools at each hotel.

Visit the Amber Fort before learning how to cook the perfect curry 

10. Wildlife bonanza

Costa Rica crams a rich variety of wildlife adventures into one conveniently small geographical package. From cruising the canals of Tortuguero on the Caribbean coast to trekking the primary rainforest of Corcovado and surfing the reefs of Caño island on the Pacific, this two-week private family tour affords ample evidence of why the country is hailed as the most biodiverse on earth.

While parents crane into the canopy for sloths, monkeys and macaws, children will be rummaging at ground level for poison-arrow frogs and other bizarre mini beasts. Zip-lining and river-rafting up the excitement quotient for thrill-seeking family members – although parents may prefer to steam gently in the natural hot springs of the volcano slopes.

Costa Rica is a place for adventure and wildlife 

The Telegraph