HARARE – Zimbabwe needs at least USD34 billion to fix its aged infrastructure within the next ten years, the 2019 AFDB infrastructure report on Zimbabwe has said.
This report comes at a time the southern African country is grappling with serious energy challenges, an endemic water crisis and a dilapidated transport network after decades of infrastructural neglect.
According to the World Bank, economic development for most African economies is directly linked to better structural policies and infrastructure improvements. In the case of Zimbabwe, both indicators stagnated in the late-1990s as politics took centre stage, leading to a plethora of infrastructure and policy related challenges.
In its July 2019 Infrastructure monthly bulletin, AFDB acknowledged that the country’s macro-economic conditions remain volatile despite austerity measures put in place by Zimbabwe Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube through his Transitional Stabilisation Plan (TSP). The AFDB infrastructure report provides the Zimbabwe government with a master plan for infrastructure assets rehabilitation and a reengagement game plan with the international community in the field of infrastructure amongst other issues. Zimbabwe has the second highest annual inflation rate in the world with a recorded annual inflation of 175.6 percent recorded in June 2019 against a regional average annual inflation rate of below 10 percent. Angola had the second highest annual inflation in the region at 16.94 percent in June 2019, being 158.66 percentage points below Zimbabwe’s inflation.
A 2011 World Bank infrastructure report titled Zimbabwe’s Infrastructure: A Continental perspective asserted that Zimbabwe would require US$962 million of public and US$460 million of private funds annually to meet most pressing infrastructure needs, including rehabilitation of existing stock and upgrades. Over the years, these funds were not availed to improve national infrastructure as Zimbabwe’s economic mismanagement, tainted human rights record and political isolation further degraded the country’s infrastructure through over-usage, poor maintenance and neglect by foreign investors.
On 2 August 2019, the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) in collaboration with the Community Water Alliance (CWA) released a press statement registering concerns over reports on an outbreak of typhoid in some parts of capital city Harare’s high density suburbs. “According to media reports and monitoring reports by CWA’s health monitors, typhoid cases have been recently recorded in some of Harare’s high density suburbs. More than 800 cases of typhoid have been recorded since January and several people have received treatment”, the report says. This humanitarian call comes at a time most cities in Zimbabwe are enduring days without access to clean water due to a combination of infrastructure deficiencies, a shortage of water treatment chemicals, and natural water shortages.
From an energy perspective, Zimbabwe is enduring 18 hours of electricity load shedding every day as foreign currency shortages, a huge external debt and a depleted water base at its Kariba hydro power unit expose the country’s energy infrastructure deficiencies.
In the wake of intermittent power interruptions that continue to disrupt mobile communication and mobile transactions, the country’s leading mobile network operator by subscribers indicated that it requires at least US$60 million to upgrade its base stations to solar.“1 300 of our base stations run on generators for over 18 hours a day and consume two million litres of fuel every month. We only receive 25 percent of this fuel due to the current shortages”, said Econet Wireless Zimbabwe. In light of the above, Zimbabwe urgently needs huge financial investments and a robust re-engagement strategy targeting the international community in order to unlock funds to fix its broken infrastructure before sinking the nation into a deeper humanitarian crisis.