The United States is sending more military aid to Ukraine aimed at helping Ukrainian forces target, disrupt and destroy Russia’s ability to wage war in the Donbas region and beyond.

U.S. officials on Friday unveiled a new $400 million package for Ukraine, including four more High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) and 1,000 rounds of 155 millimetres “precision capable” artillery ammunition, a type that has not been provided to Kyiv until now.

“These [weapons systems] are precise,” a senior U.S. defence official said, briefing reporters on the condition of anonymity under ground rules set by the Pentagon. “We expect them to be used by the Ukrainians to the great effect given their success so far.”

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy thanked the Biden administration on Twitter for the military equipment, which he described as a priority need.

“It is what helps us press on the enemy,” he said.

The U.S. has high hopes, in particular, for the new, precision artillery rounds.

“It offers Ukraine precise targeting, precise capability for specific targets. It will save ammunition. It will be more effective due to the precision,” the official said. “So, it’s a further evolution in our support for Ukraine in this battle in the Donbas.”

But the U.S. hopes the latest package, part of what is being described as a “steady drumbeat” of support, does more.

“A big element of what we are looking at now is that lift, which is vital for the Ukrainians to be able to continue the fight and most importantly, I would say, for the Russians to know that the Ukrainians are going to be able to continue the fight,” the official said.

U.S. officials have been quick to praise Ukrainian forces for the way they have integrated an earlier shipment of eight HIMARS into their efforts to slow the Russian advance in the Donbas and, in some cases, managing to hold the Russian forces at bay.

“We know that they’re going after targets that have a major effect on the battlefield,” said a second senior U.S. defence official, also briefing reporters on the condition of anonymity.

So far, more than 100 Ukrainian troops have been trained on how to use the system, and U.S. officials held out the possibility more HIMARS and other similar systems could be included in future aid packages

The announcement of additional U.S. aid comes just days after Russian forces declared victory in Ukraine’s Luhansk province after Ukrainian forces retreated from their last stronghold in the city of Lysychansk.

Western intelligence assessments believe Russian forces are now positioning themselves for a push into the Donetsk region.

Russia is “likely concentrating equipment on the front line in the direction of Siversk, approximately 8 km west of the current Russian front lines,” Britain’s defence intelligence arm said Friday.

“There is a real possibility that Russia’s immediate tactical objective will be Siversk, as its forces attempt to advance towards its most likely operational goal of the Sloviansk-Kramatorsk urban area,” it said.

But U.S. officials continued to describe Russian gains as incremental and “highly costly.”

“They’re [Russian forces] way behind on their timelines They’re far behind on their objectives,” the first senior U.S. defence official told reporters. “The Ukrainians are, in localized places, launching effective counteroffensives.”

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